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財政部財政科學研究所簡介
      1956 6月,根據毛澤東主席關于財政部要加強財政經濟問題研究的指示,財政部財政科學研究所(下簡稱本所)正式成立。現為財政部直屬事業單位,擔負著財經理論政策研究和財政決策可行性分析以及培養高級財會人才的任務。財政部原副部長陳如龍同志為第一任所長,第二任所長為朱楚辛。此后,著名經濟學家許毅、方曉丘、寧學平、何盛明同志先后任所長。現任所長為賈康(研究員、博士生導師),其他所領導為:叢安妮副所長(研究員、碩士生導師)、蘇明副所長(研究員、博士生導師)、王朝才副所長(研究員、博士生導師)、羅文光(研究生部主任、副研究員)、劉尚希副所長(研究員、博士生導師)、白景明副所長(研究員、博士生導師)。1978年我國恢復研究生培養制度后,本所的研究生培養工作即于當年開始,現每年對外公開招收博士和碩士研究生。2001 3月設立了財政學專業博士后科研流動站。1980年創辦《財政研究》和《財政研究資料》(現改為《中國財經信息資料》)兩刊。
       
本所的主要任務是:緊密結合我國各個時期經濟發展和體制改革的實際情況,圍繞國家財政中心工作,從事財經理論和政策研究,探討客觀經濟規律,為國家決策提供咨詢意見,為制定正確的財政方針政策和提高財政工作管理水平服務。研究方向和重點包括:宏觀經濟理論與政策;財政基礎理論;收入分配;財政體制;政府預算;國家稅收;財政政策與貨幣政策協調;資本市場;國有資產管理;會計理論與實務;政府會計;會計電算化;企業財務;審計理論與實務;投資;財政風險;社會保障;國債;國庫管理;農村財政;城市財政;地方財政;區域財政;外國財經;財政史等。在各個研究方向上,我所都形成了高水平的研究成果,在國內外具有廣泛影響。
      
本所現有具備高級專業技術職務資格的專家學者72人,中級專業技術職務資格的專業技術人員68名。
       
本所內設綜合財政、財務會計、基礎理論、區域財政、財政史、外國財政、稅收政策、國有經濟、金融研究室及科研組織處、珠心算、財經信息中心等10多個研究處室,有編輯部和圖書資料館兩個專業機構,辦公室、黨辦人事處、財務處三個行政后勤單位。中國財政學會秘書處、中國珠算協會秘書處也設在所內。
      
本所也是社會聲望卓著的專門培養財政、會計、國民經濟管理、企業管理等方面高級人才的機構,是國家教育部、國務院學位委員會批準的我國第一批從事博士、碩士研究生學歷教育并具有學位授予權的單位,創辦了我國第一個會計電算化博士點。本所研究生部(副司級單位)專門從事研究生教育管理工作。所內教育科研力量雄厚,現有博士生導師37人、碩士生導師53人。1978年至2005年已招收了28屆碩士研究生、24屆博士研究生。多年來為我國政府機構、企事業單位及科研教學單位培養了大量的高級人才,被業內人士稱為財政界的黃埔軍校2004年本所作為第一批試點單位之一開展了MPAcc(會計碩士專業學位)教育工作。
      
本所編輯部主要負責《財政研究》和《中國財經信息資料》的編輯出版工作。《財政研究》是中國財政學會會刊(月刊),《中國財經信息資料》是本所主辦的大型財經刊物,創刊于1999年,前身為《財政研究資料》。兩個刊物主要反映和介紹財經動態、改革狀況和財經理論成果,均為國家級核心期刊。
      
本所還編有《研究報告》、《財政研究簡報》、《財經動態資料》、《科研內報》、《財經動態》等一些內部資料,不定期地向國務院、財政部和有關部門反映情況,供領導決策參考
       
中國財政學會秘書處是中國財政學會常務理事會的辦事機構,負責組織財政學會的學術活動,處理財政學會的其它日常事務。
       
中國珠算協會秘書處是中國珠算協會常務理事會的辦事機構,負責組織珠算協會的學術及珠算、心算比賽活動,處理珠算協會的其它日常事務,承擔世界珠算心算聯合會秘書處工作(世界珠算心算聯合會秘書處常設在中國)。
       
本所1998年開始招收博士后研究人員(當時未設站,是招收的留學歸國博士)。本所財政學專業(一級學科為應用經濟學)博士后科研流動站于2001 3月正式設立。會計學專業有博士學位授予權,還未設博士后科研流動站,可作為非設站點招收歸國留學博士作博士后研究。
       
改革開放以來,本所與國外財政界的交往與合作研究日益擴大,所內科研人員多次到美國、英國、法國、德國、意大利、日本、韓國、俄羅斯、加拿大、澳大利亞、巴西、以色列、南非、埃及、印度、泰國、新加坡等國家考察、學習、參加研討會,進行合作課題研究,并派出多批中青年科研骨干赴國外培訓,學習外國財政理論和實際工作經驗。多次邀請和接待世界各國的財經專家、學者來華訪問,進行學術交流。
 
     Brief introduction of Research Institute for Fiscal Science,
                      Ministry of Finance
  In June 1956, as per the instruction of Chairman Mao Zedong that the Ministry of Finance (MOF, hereinafter) needed to reinforce research work on fiscal and economic issues, the Research Institute of Fiscal Science (RIFS, hereafter) was officially founded. Now RIFS is a public service institution directly subordinate to MOF, whose primary duties are to undertake fiscal theoretical study and policy development, fiscal policy feasibility study, as well as the training of advanced accountants. Mr. Chen Rulong, the former vice minister of MOF, was the first president of RIFS. He was succeeded by Mr. Zhu Chuxin. Four famous economists, Mr. Xu Yi, Fang Xiaoqiu, Ning Xueping, and He Shengming presided RIFS in the following years. The current president is Professor Jia Kang, who concurrently supervises Ph. D candidates at the Graduate School of RIFS. The other members of RIFS's top management are: Vice President Cong Anni (Professor, Supervisor of MA), Vice President Su Ming (Professor, Supervisor of Ph. D candidates), Vice President Wang Chaocai (Professor, Supervisor of Ph.D candidates), Dean of the Graduate school of RIFS, Mr. Luo Wengang (Associate Professor), Vice President Liu Shangxi (Professor, Supervisor of Ph. D candidates), and Vice President Bai Jingming (Professor, Supervisor of Ph. D candidates). After graduate education system was reestablished in China in1978, the Graduate School of RIFS now has been annually accepting graduate students for master and PH.D degrees. Post-doctoral stations for public finance specialty have also been established in RIFS since March 2001. Two academic journals, Public Finance Research and Information on Public Finance Research (currently named as Information on China's Finance and Economics ), were also created in 1980.
The mission of RIFS is to conduct financial and economic theories and the development of public policies on the basis of the realities at different economic stages and reform in China so as to provide policy consultancy for fiscal policy-making and the improvement of fiscal work management. RIFS focuses on:
•  macroeconomic theory and policy,
•  fundamentals of fiscal theory;
•  income distribution, fiscal system,
•  government budget,
•  national tax,
•  the cooperation of fiscal and monetary policy,
•  capital market,
•  state-owned assets management,
•  accounting theory and practice,
•  government accounting,
•  accounting computerization,
•  corporate finance,
•  auditing theory and practice, investment,
•  fiscal risk,
•  social security,
•  national debt,
•  treasury management,
•  rural public finance,
•  urban public finance,
•  local public finance,
•  regional public finance,
•  foreign public finance,
•  fiscal history and etc..
RIFS is celebrated in all these fields in and outside China.
So far, RIFS has 72 researchers with the titles of professors and associate professors and 68 assistant professors.
The internal organizational setup of RIFS is as such: 12 Divisions respectively engaged in Comprehensive Public Finance research, Accounting research, Fundamental Theory research, Regional Public Finance research, Fiscal History, Foreign Public Finance research, Tax Policy research, State-owned Assets research, Finance research, and general research organization, and accounting computerization center. Another two professional divisions are journal editing board and the institute's library. Service and administrative units of RIFS include General Affairs Office, Personnel Office, and Accountant Office. The Secretary of China Public Finance Association and the Secretary of China Abacus Association are also currently affiliated to RIFS.
RIFS has prestigious reputation of cultivating advanced professionals in such fields as public finance, accounting, national economy management, and corporate management. It was also among the first group of institutions entitled to graduate education by Ministry of Education and Diploma Committee of the State Council. RIFS is the first institution starting PH.D education in the field of accounting computerization in China. The Graduate School of RIFS specializes in graduate education and has a strong faculty consisting of 37 Ph.D candidates' supervisors and 53 master candidates supervisors. From 1978 till now, it has recruited master candidates for 28 years and PH.D candidates for 24 years during the period. In recent years RIFS have trained and supplied many outstanding graduates for governmental agencies, public service units and enterprises, and research and education institutions, which earned RIFS the title of “West Point School” in the field of public finance. In 2004, RIFS started the education of MPAcc (Master of Public Accounting) as one of the first group of pilot institutions.
The Editing Board of RIFS edits and publishes two journals, Public Finance Research and Information on China's Finance and Economics . Public Finance Research is the journal of China Public Finance Association (monthly journal) while Information on China's Finance and Economics, created in 1999 and originally called Information on Public Finance Research , is the journal of RIFS. These two journals covers most updated financial and economic developments, reform measures and analysis, as well as theoretical research on finance and economics in China. Both journals are among the national core periodicals.
Besides, RIFS staff also edits such internal journals as Research Report , Briefs on Public Finance , Information on the News of Finance and Economics , Internal Research Report , and News on Finance and Economic, which are sent to the top leaders at the State Council, Ministry of Finance, and other related ministries as policy recommendation materials.
The Secretary of China Public Finance Association is the administrative body of the association, mainly in charge of organizing academic activities of the association and dealing with other regular affairs of the association.
Similarly, the Secretary of China Abacus Association is the administrative body of the association organizing academic activities, arranging matches on abacus and heart calculating, and dealing with other regular affairs of the association. It also acts as the Secretary of the World Abacus Calculating and Heart Calculating United Association.
Since 1998 RIFS began accepting post-doctoral researchers (at that time no stations were set up and only returned overseas Ph.Ds were accepted). The post-doctoral mobile stations in the field of public finance (the first level of discipline is applied economics) were formally established in March of 2001. In the field of accounting, RIFS can grant Ph.D degrees to qualified candidates, but so far no post-doctoral stations were set up. Anyway, it can accept Ph. Ds specialized in accounting to do post-doctoral research.
Thanks to the reform and the opening-door policies, RIFS is having broader and broader external communications and cooperation with international counterparts. The researchers of RIFS has been to USA, UK, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Russia, Canada, Australia, Brazil, Israel, South Africa, Egypt, India, Thailand, Singapore for the purposes of study, conference, and cooperative research. Many young researchers have been sent to foreign countries for training and the study on the foreign public theories and practices. In the meantime, RIFS also invited and hosted many international experts and scholars from all over the world for teaching and academic exchanges.
 

 

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